Several chapters in Beautiful Boy refer to brain studies and evidence of addiction. He also consults with experts regarding the best treatment approaches, particularly for those addicted to methamphetamines. What are the best structures for recovery? Why is this information not more widely available? What changes have occurred as more information has become available?
I think lengthier treatments and more support after treatments would be beneficial and likely crucial. I think a stumbling block is that many people with addictions do not have the family support and financial resources (and possibly intellect) that was evidenced in this situation.
Education before addiction would seem to be helpful, with more resources for coping with feelings and situations in one's life as an alternative to using substances.
Yes, you are so right. Nic struggled so much and went through so much pain. That said, he was also very fortunate to have parents who had the intellect, financial resources, and caring to help him. Seeing how much he struggled despite their support was eye-opening as to why so many with fewer resources do not recover.